Banishment 1960 – 1978

1784 Robben Island map showing pathways to slave quarries. Political prisoners used the same pathways to hard labour work sites.
These pathways reflect the routes along which prisoners were marched in the 1960s and 1970s, from the prison to the worksites. The main pathway from the MSP to the Bluestone Quarry was a narrow completely caged passage with fencing on the sides and the top. Guard dogs were placed on either side of the passage. Today, stumps of posts from this pathway can be seen.
Prior to this pathway, there was a trench that linked the MSP to the Bluestone Quarry. There are other pathways from the prison to the Limestone Quarry, Bamboo Factory, Landbou, Ou Tronk, dumping site, harbour, visitors centre and other parts of the Island.
Prisoners making roads.
Although held in harsh conditions and forced to endure extreme physical hardship, such as excavating stone and building roads, political prisoners succeeded, psychologically and politically, to transform the prison into a symbol of struggle and liberation.
Prisoners working on roads staged for the International Red Cross visit.

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