From 1963 onwards the political prisoners incarcerated on Robben Island continued with and extended their resistance to oppression and their struggle against apartheid. Their resistance encompassed the context of prison life.
The harsh prison conditions experienced by prisoners from 1962 only gradually improved after a thousand prisoners went on a mass hunger strike in 1966. The resistance of the wave of political prisoners during the apartheid era focused on the physical conditions they had to endure. The focus centred on those conditions that threatened their survival, the right to personal development as individuals and to the political renewal of organisations.